git clone ''

(ql:quickload :mpenet.alia)


Build Status cljdoc badge

Coan-Teen, the female death spirit who walks without feet.

Cassandra CQL3 client for Clojure wrapping datastax/java-driver.

What's in the box?



Please check the Changelog first if you are upgrading. Alia runs on Clojure >= 1.7 (we're using IReduceInit internally)

Add the following to your dependencies:

Clojars Project

This would include all the codec extensions and extra libraries.

But the better thing to do is to pick and choose what you really need from alia's modules:

Clojars Project

Clojars Project

Clojars Project

Clojars Project

Clojars Project

Clojars Project

Hayt (the query DSL)

If you wish to use Hayt you need to add it to your dependencies

Clojars Project

Then require/use qbits.hayt and you're good to go.


codox generated documentation.


Simple query execution using alia with hayt would look like this:

(execute session (select :users
                         (where {:name :foo})
                         (columns :bar "baz")))

But first things first: here is an example of a complete session using raw queries.

(require '[qbits.alia :as alia])

(def cluster (alia/cluster {:contact-points ["localhost"]}))

Sessions are separate so that you can interact with multiple keyspaces from the same cluster definition.

(def session (alia/connect cluster))

(alia/execute session "CREATE KEYSPACE alia
                       WITH replication = {'class': 'SimpleStrategy', 'replication_factor' : 3};")
   (alia/execute session "USE alia;")
   (alia/execute session "CREATE TABLE users (user_name varchar,
                                              first_name varchar,
                                              last_name varchar,
                                              auuid uuid,
                                              birth_year bigint,
                                              created timestamp,
                                              valid boolean,
                                              emails set<text>,
                                              tags list<bigint>,
                                              amap map<varchar, bigint>,
                                              PRIMARY KEY (user_name));")
  (alia/execute session "INSERT INTO users
                         (user_name, first_name, last_name, emails, birth_year, amap, tags, auuid,valid)
                         VALUES('frodo', 'Frodo', 'Baggins',
                         {'', ''}, 1,
                         {'foo': 1, 'bar': 2}, [4, 5, 6],
                         1f84b56b-5481-4ee4-8236-8a3831ee5892, true);")

  ;; prepared statement with positional parameter(s)
  (def prepared-statement (alia/prepare session "select * from users where user_name=?;"))

  (alia/execute session prepared-statement {:values ["frodo"]})

  >> ({:created nil,
       :last_name "Baggins",
       :emails #{"" ""},
       :tags [4 5 6],
       :first_name "Frodo",
       :amap {"foo" 1, "bar" 2},
       :auuid #uuid "1f84b56b-5481-4ee4-8236-8a3831ee5892",
       :valid true,
       :birth_year 1,
       :user_name "frodo"})

  ;; prepared statement with named parameter(s)
  (def prepared-statement (alia/prepare session "select * from users where user_name= :name limit :lmt;"))

  (alia/execute session prepared-statement {:values {:name "frodo" :lmt 1}})

Asynchronous interfaces:

There are currently 3 interfaces to use the asynchronous methods of the underlying driver, the main one being core.async, another using simple functions and an optional manifold interfaces is also available.

Async using function “callbacks”

(execute-async session
               "select * from users;"
               {:success (fn [rows] ...)
                :error (fn [e] ...)})

Async using clojure/core.async

qbits.alia.async/execute-chan has the same signature as the other execute functions and as the name implies returns a clojure/core.async promise-chan that will contain a list of rows at some point or an exception instance.

Once you run it you have a couple of options to pull data from it.

(take! (execute-chan session "select * from users;")
       (fn [rows-or-exception]
         (do-something rows)))
(def rows-or-exception (<!! (execute-chan session "select * from users;")))
(let [merged (async/merge [(alia/execute-chan session (select :foo))
                           (alia/execute-chan session (select :bar))
                           (alia/execute-chan session (select :baz))])]
    (loop []
      (when-let [result (<! merged)]
        (println result)

It also include execute-chan-buffered, which allows to run a single query in a non-blocking way, returning a channel and streams the rows in a controlled manner (respecting fetch-size and/or core async buffer size) to it.

And it can do a lot more! Head to the codox generated documentation.

Hayt (Query DSL)

There is a nicer way to write your queries using Hayt, this should be familiar if you know Korma or ClojureQL. One of the major difference is that Hayt doesn't use macros and just generates maps, so if you need to compose clauses or queries together you can just use the clojure.core functions that work on maps.

Some examples:

(use 'qbits.hayt)

(select :foo (where {:bar 2}))

;; this generates a map
>> {:select :foo :where {:bar 2}}

(update :foo
         (set-columns {:bar 1
                       :baz (inc-by 2)}
         (where [[= :foo :bar]
                 [> :moo 3]
                 [> :meh 4]
                 [:in :baz  [5 6 7]]]))

;; Composability using normal map manipulation functions

(def base (select :foo (where {:foo 1})))

(merge base
       (columns :bar :baz)
       (where {:bar 2})
       (order-by [:bar :asc])
       (using :ttl 10000))

;; To compile the queries just use ->raw

(->raw (select :foo))
> "SELECT * FROM foo;"

Alia supports hayt query direct execution, if you pass a non-compiled query to execute or execute-async, it will be compiled and cached on a LU cache with a threshold of 100 (the cache function is user settable), so to be used carefully. The same is true with prepare.

Ex clojure (execute session (select :users (where {:name :foo})))

It covers everything that is possible with CQL3 (functions, handling of collection types and their operations, ddl, prepared statements, etc). If you want to know more about it head to its codox documentation or Hayt's tests.


If you wish to support the work on this project you can do this here: patreon

Mailing list

Alia has a mailing list hosted on Google Groups. Do not hesitate to ask your questions there.


Copyright © 2013-2016 Max Penet

Distributed under the Eclipse Public License, the same as Clojure.